Fruits and Vegetables starting with B

B

Banana

Banana

  • Bananas make a nutritious snack! They are a great source of energy and contain lots of vitamins and minerals, especially potassium, which is important to help cells, nerves and muscles in your body to work properly and it helps to lower blood pressure. They have a thick skin to protect them, which is green before bananas are ripe, and get more yellow in colour and sweeter in taste as they ripen. We peel away the skin and eat the soft fleshy part of the fruit underneath. Bananas grow in hanging clusters, sometimes called hands, on the banana plant in tropical regions like Southeast Asia. You can eat them raw, baked, dried or in a smoothie. Why don’t you try mashing it up and have it with yoghurt or porridge or even on brown toast?

 

Basil

Basil Leaves

  • Basil is highly recommended for nausea as well as travel sickness, due to its antispasmodic properties.
  • Basil aids digestion as it promotes saliva production, enabling the body to digest food more effectively.
  • Fresh basil is full of folic acid, whilst dried basil is great for potassium, calcium and iron. Dried basil is excellent for the respiratory system, and is used in the treatment of throat and nose infections

 

Beetroot

Beetroot

  • Beetroot has no fat, is very low in calories and is full of fibre.
  • Beetroot is brimming with minerals and vitamins. It helps in the treatment of anaemia as it has blood cleansing qualities. Beetroot has been used to treat cancer in mainland Europe for many years as it contains certain anti-carcinogens.
  • Beetroot is also said to up your intake of oxygen by 400%.

 

Bitter Gourd

Bitter Gourd

  • Bitter gourds are very low in calories but dense with precious nutrients. It is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, and B3, C, magnesium, folic acid, zinc, phosphorus, manganese, and has high dietary fiber. It is rich in iron, contains twice the beta-carotene of broccoli, twice the calcium of spinach, and twice the potassium of a banana.
  • Bitter melon contains a unique phyto-constituent that has been confirmed to have a hypoglycemic effect called charantin. There is also another insulin-like compound known as polypeptide P which have been suggested as insulin replacement in some diabetic patients.

 

Blackberries

Blackberry

  • The antioxidants in blackberries are said to prevent cancer.
  • Blackberries are deemed to be an astringent due to their tannin content. Hence, they help blood flow and are effective in the reduction of skin and mouth rashes.
  • Blackberries are meant to alleviate haemorrhoids.
  • They are also a great source of pectin, a soluble fibre. Too many blackberries, however, can lead to constipation.

 

Bok Choy

  • Bok choy, otherwise known as bak choi, paak choi, Chinese chard cabbage and Chinese mustard cabbage is a vegetable that resembles celery although it is actually a member of the cabbage family.
  • It has thick, white stalks and dark green leaves that have a round shape.
  • The nutrition offered in bok choy is similar to that of other cabbage.
  • It contains vitamins A and C and some B vitamins and it’s a good source of folate. You can also receive small amounts of calcium from bok choy, which is helpful for those who struggle to get enough calcium in their diets.

 

Broccoli

Broccoli

  • Broccoli contains a great deal of Vitamin C, essential for good overall health.
  • This vegetable also helps the body absorb iron, crucial for the healthy working of cells in the body.
  • It is considered to prevent cataracts, as well as to keep colds at bay.
  • Broccoli contains a high level of folic acid which helps women maintain normal tissue growth. Therefore, it is a crucial food for pregnant mothers.
  • The high potassium levels in broccoli can reduce high blood pressure, with high levels of calcium combating osteoporosis.
  • Broccoli is rich in fibre which assists the effective functioning of the gastrointestinal tract function as well as lowering cholesterol.
  • Recently broccoli has been promoted as healthy due to three things found in it; indole-3-carbinol, which prevents hormone-related cancers, like prostate and breast cancer.
  • It is also considered to help keep diabetes, colonic cancer, stomach cancer, lung cancer, heart disease and arthritis at bay.

 

Brussels Sprout

Brussels Sprouts

  • Brussels sprouts are like mini cabbages! They grow out of the ground in knobbly rows on a long tough stalk. They contain loads of vitamin C. Can you guess which country BRUSSELS sprouts originally came from? Well, Brussels is the capital city of Belgium!